Phalene Dog
Gerard Terborch (1617-1681. Dutch)
Description & correct Phalene Dog Ear Setting.
The Phalene is considered a variant of the Papillon in the AKC, where they are registered
as Papillons and shown and judged in the same classes. The breed standard is the same
with the exception of the dropped ear, which does not sit as low on the head as that of
other spaniel types. In nations where clubs follow the guidelines of the FCI, the Phalene is
considered a separate breed.
AKC Phalene/Papillon Standard The Phalene Dog standard is exactly the same as the the
standard of the Papillon dog, with the ears as the only exception.
The ears should be set against the head exactly the same as the Papillon ears .
Notice that the ear of a Phalene dog has a slight lift at the base of the ear, before it falls.
This is very important for the health of the dog, it lets a good amount of air to ventilate the
ear, which then prevents him from getting those ear infections, which we see in many of the
drop ear breeds, where the ear leather hangs heavy against the ear canal.
There are notable differences between a Phalene ear and those of other Spaniel Breeds.
The ear should not be low set on the head as on a Cocker Spaniel, rather than the setting
is in the same fashion as the ears of a Papillon: higher on the skull, and in a 45 degree
angle.
Because the Phalene wears his ears down, they often appear to sit lower on the skull.
The light leather of the Phalenes ear is normal and very desirable. When the Phalene in
motion, the air currents will often lift the ear leather lightly, and give them the appearance
of gently waving  "wings" . The ears do not come up as in a Papillon, but pull back against
the neck.
As with the erect ear Papillon, the ears should be large,have  rounded tips, and a rather
wide base, and as an adult have long silky hair coverage on the ear.
In Phalene puppies, one will see quite often more leather lift at the base of the ear , as the
dog grows to maturity, the ear will "settle", especially with the right amount of ear fringing,
which will further stabilize the drop of the ear leather.
One should not mistake a "soft" ear in Phalene , or Papillon Dogs.
A soft ear is an unstable ear, not up, nor down, or only the tips fold over, or one ear up,
one ear down. Soft ears are considered a fault in each breed variety.
The Phalene should be a dainty elegant dog, with a somewhat more sweet expression than
the "perky" Papillon. The Phalene should be lively, outgoing, and intelligent. Although a
good watchdog, he should not be at all aggressive. Phalenes, because of their dropped
ears, look longer than they really are, in reality, they should be slightly longer than their
height is.
They are eager to please and often  excel  in obedience and agility sports.
The Phalene has a charming character, and will thrive in good company of it's human
owner.
Patience is required to see a Phalene puppy grow. The puppy's ears may go up and down
while teething, as well as out to the side.
Only time will tell for sure if the puppy will be a Phalene.
History:
The actual history of the Phalene Dog is mostly recognised by old paintings and writings.
Royal families in medieval times used this little lap dog to keep them warm in the drafty
castles .They where also used as rat catchers in the hallways and rooms. And as they
became beloved pets of these family members, they where soon bred to be a lap dog as a
purpose.
France, Spain, Italy, Belgium where the main countries in which to find Phalenes.
The oldest known portrait with a Phalene is an Italian one.
Breeds such as the Cayenne Dog, and the European Toy Spaniel are believed to be the
predecessors of the Phalene Dog.
In history, the Phalene Dog had many names, such as:
Little Squirrel Dog, Belgium Toy Spaniel, Royal Toy Spaniel, Epagneul Dwarf Spaniel.
Many royal families owned a Phalene dog. The best known are King Louis XIV, King Henry
III, Madame Pompadour, as well as Marie Antoinette.
King John III of Sweden was married to a Polish Princess, Catharina Jagellonica, which
brought her Phalene with her from Poland. The dog actually was whelped in Italy became
the first known Phalene of Sweden.
King Francois I brought the first Phalene to France, becoming shortly very popular and
The
Phalene country.
Belgium became the most known country of Phalenes after the French Revolution.  
The Continental Toy Spaniel, the Breed we know as Phalene / Papillon was only found with
drop ears, till the 16th century, where there is a first documentation of a Phalene with erect
ears.
Only by the end of the 19th century the Papillon  (Phalene with erect ears) gained on
popularity.
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