Unlike the adult, or permanent teeth, the primary teeth are very thin and fragile. They are not firmly anchored in place
by strong mineralized bone and can easily be broken or pulled out of position. Therefore the most common problems we
encounter in this age group are traumatic injuries, sometimes self-inflicted, sometimes inflicted by well meaning owners.
Puppies are very oral and like having things in their mouths. We should avoid giving them hard objects, and playing “tug
of war” with them. By pulling, we can either fracture or luxate (pull out of position) the primary “canine or fang” teeth
of our small furry friends. Since the adult fang teeth are developing under the gums close by to where the baby fangs are,
they can also, in turn, be damaged. This can cause them to either never erupt or to come up in an improper position.
This improper tooth location can cause injury to the mouth’s soft tissue.
Hard objects like “Indestructible bones”, “Hooves”, sticks and rocks can break teeth. Catching a flying saucer-like play toy
in mid-air can also lead to teeth breaking. These types of injuries are very painful and usually result in the tooth dying and
causing an infection or abscess of the bone. Signs of a possible oral problem include: difficulty in eating or holding objects,
bleeding, or drooling. The bone and overlying gums will be sensitive to the touch, swollen, and the infection can start to
drain – a condition called a “gum boil”.
Pet owners should check the animal’s mouth for broken teeth on a daily basis. If any are detected, a veterinarian would
immediately extract any of the broken baby teeth.
|Estimated Age Teeth Development
|In addition to trauma, the second most common dental problem seen in puppies are adult teeth, which erupt improperly.
This condition is due to either trauma, as previously mentioned, or the presence of persistent baby teeth. Normally, as the
permanent tooth erupts, it does so directly under the root of the baby tooth causing it to breakdown, which then allows
the adult tooth to push it out. Sometimes the bud of the permanent tooth is not directly positioned under its baby tooth
This improper positioning causes the
permanent tooth, during its formation, to glide off the baby tooth root and erupt abnormally. The ensuing mal
positioned adult tooth traumatizes the soft tissue in the mouth, causing the pet pain and possible subsequent infection. In
addition, food might get trapped between the baby tooth and adult tooth causing the development of gum infections.
The golden rule to follow is: there should never be two of the same tooth type occupying the mouth at the same time.
By checking your pet’s teeth daily between the ages of 14- 24 weeks of age, any double presence of teeth will be detected
and can be immediately extracted by a veterinarian. Never wait for the baby tooth to fall out by itself if you see even the
slightest protrusion of the adult crown next to it. If the adult teeth are coming in incorrectly then a Veterinary Dentist
should be consulted as soon as possible to prevent further complications.
re-written from Clients Education" Taking the bite out of Dental Disease"
|Puppies have 28 temporary teeth that erupt at about
three to four weeks of age. They have 42 permanent
teeth that begin to emerge at about 5 to 7 months of
Puppies should lose a puppy tooth before the
corresponding adult tooth emerges. If a puppy tooth is
still in place when an adult tooth begins to show, see
your veterinarian so the dog's occlusion is not affected.
Small dog breeds are more likely to develop
periodontal disease than large dogs because the teeth of
small dogs are often too large for their mouths,
according to veterinary dentistry experts.
Puppies, like people, have a primary or deciduous
dentition. These are their baby teeth, which usually are
all in place by 6-8 weeks of age and which, by 16-24
weeks, are subsequently replaced by the adult teeth. In
this age group we see two types of dental problems
occurring: traumatic damage to the baby teeth and oral
cavity, and improper eruption of the adult teeth.
A built up of tarter is normal and it happens relatively fast. An annual dental clean is a must at the veterinarian.
You could teach your Pap to accept to get his teeth cleaned by you with a small children tooth brush.a couple of times /
Papillon puppies loose their canine baby teeth when they are about 5-7 months.
Look at your dogs teeth frequently at this time. You will see the adult teeth coming in next to the baby canines. Make sure
that the baby teeth are loose, or have them checked by a vet, who may remove them if necessary.
It could cause a development of an incorrect bite if they are not removed.
At this time it is suggested to give your pap plenty of "teething" toys.
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